We all hope we never have to perform CPR for a loved one or a stranger, but the day may come so you want to ensure you know how to perform CPR correctly and are confident in doing so. Below, are two charts on essential information required for CPR, from the assessment to performing.

DRABCD method is a common step-by-step method for the assessment of a casualty

DANGER Check for danger – are you, others or the casualty in danger?
RESPONSE Check for response – is the casualty responding or is the casualty unconscious?
AIRWAY Check airway – is the airway open and clear of objects?
BREATHS Check for breathing – is the casualty breathing?
COMPRESSIONS Perform CPR – if no sign of life (consciousness, breathing, movement), perform CPR
DEFIBRILLATION Use a defibrillator – when available, use the AED (Automated External Defibrillator)

CPR Information Chart

Casualty Adult (9 years +) Child (1-8 years) Baby (0-1 year)
Head tilt Maximum Maximum None
Initial breaths 2 full breaths 2 small breaths 2 puffs
Breathing rate 1 breath in 1 second 1 small breath in 1 second 1 puff in 1 second
Chest pressure 2 hands 1-2 hands 2 fingers
CPR compression rate Approx. 100 per minute Approx. 100 per minute Approx. 100 per minute
Compression depth One-third of chest depth One-third of chest depth One-third of chest depth
CPR ratios 30 compressions to 2 breaths 30 compressions to 2 breaths 30 compressions to 2 puffs

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
There is a huge amount of essential information available from books, websites and video tutorials, but the only way you will be able to correctly perform CPR is through the appropriate training. In a training course, you will learn the step-by-step process of rescue breaths and chest compressions as well as how to properly assess the casualty and in turn use the correct techniques to revive the casualty. Australian Training Solutions offers this training on a weekly basis using both adult and baby manikins to ensure you are ready for any situation.

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